With over two-thirds of adults considered either overweight or obese this will certainly have a long-term impact on their health and expected life expectancy.
Being obese puts your health at risk, and those who struggle with their weight often find that they are more prone to certain types of disease.
Three of the most common diseases to affect those with obesity include type-2 diabetes, sleep apnea and high blood pressure. Lets look at the risk to your health that these conditions cause.
#1: Type-2 diabetes
Those with this condition produce insulin but are unable to use it, which leads to dangerously high blood sugar levels.
If this occurs damage to your organs is likely.
#2: Sleep apnea
One of the leading causes of sleep apnea is obesity.
When you are asleep your through and tongue muscle become relaxed, and the soft tissue can cause your airway to become blocked.
Those who suffer from sleep apnea often wake during the night, and can suffer from cardiovascular disease and premature death.
#3: High blood pressure
Fatty tissue will cause your heart to work harder to pump blood around your body, which can put you at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Other health conditions associated with obesity
While the 3 diseases listed above are the most common problems associated with obesity they are certainly not the only ones.
Obesity can also increase your risk of developing:
- Numerous types of cancer – breast, uterine, oesophageal, pancreas
- Heart disease
What can you do to reduce the risk?
Simply put, by losing weight you will significantly cut your risk of first developing these conditions, but also relieving their symptoms too.
If you are obese then there are surgical options available, but with all surgery there are going to be risks.
Surgery can also be expensive, and for some you may not even be suitable for surgery. In some cases your BMI level needs to above a certain point to qualify.
Luckily there are things that you can do to lose weight without surgery, but it will require commitment, sacrifice and hard work on your part.
First you will need to look at what you are eating. For certain you should cut back on junk foods and processed foods, instead choose foods such as fruits and vegetables as they are naturally low in calories, but are full of the nutrients that can fill you up and keep you healthy.
Fibre and protein-rich foods are also recommended, as the fibre will help your digestive system work properly, while the protein is good for muscle repair and for energy.
You will also need to look at what you are drinking. Out should go the soft drinks, instead you should opt for water. It is free of calories and has been shown to cut your appetite.
Next you should look at your activity levels. If you are obese this may be a problem, but you should try to push yourself to move as much as possible.
Walking is a good start, as is swimming, with both able to burn calories without too much strain on your body.
As you get slimmer and fitter you can start incorporating other activities, as long as they are fun as this will ensure you are more willing to stick to them.
Finally, stress and a lack of sleep can prevent weight loss so try to take steps to alleviate both.
If you are overweight or obese you know that you are putting your long-term health at risk. You can make changes to your lifestyle that can help, but you need to want to change to succeed.