There are various methods you can use to lose weight, but which is best?
This is a question that has been asked numerous times, and while there is no definitive answer there are new studies all the time showing the benefits of certain approaches.
Recently, a study published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition has revealed that eating a vegetarian diet is twice as effective for weight loss than conventional diabetic diets.
What occurred during the study?
During the 6-month study, Dr. Hanna Kahleova, director of clinical research at the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine in Washington D.C. and her colleagues conducted the study on 74 patients.
Half of the patients were assigned to the vegetarian group, with the others assigned to the conventional diet.
- The Vegetarian Diet: This diet consisted of 60% carbs, 15% protein, 25% fat (grains, legumes, vegetables, fruits and nuts were allowed)
- The Conventional Diet: 50% carbs, 20% protein, 30% fat (peanut butter raisin oatmeal, tuna, brown rice and low-fat yoghurt were allowed)
The participants were all given their meals, and had 500 calories removed from their daily diet.
As for exercise, no changes to the participants exercise habits were noted during the first 3 months of the study. During the remaining 3 months the participants were asked to add aerobic exercise to their daily regime.
What were the results of the study?
At the conclusion of the study, those on the vegetarian diet lost an average of 13.67 pounds, while those on the conventional diet lost an average of 7.1 pounds.
Those on the vegetarian diet also lost more subfascial fat, which is the fat that lines the muscles, as well as intramuscular fat, which is the fat stored in your muscles.
By reducing both fat amounts, the insulin sensitivity of the participants improved, meaning that the participants were now able to process sugar better, turning it into energy. This can help reduce the risk of diabetes and prediabetes.